Leaders of the global investment funds industry gathered in Osaka, Japan this week to discuss challenges and opportunities in today’s global economic environment, as they celebrated the 30th anniversary of the International Investment Funds Association (IIFA). More than 80 people representing 30 fund associations and guests from around the world attended the IIFA conference. Related news IE Staff Keywords Investment fundsCompanies International Investment Funds Association Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Canada Life to launch new shelf of mutual funds CIBC lowers investment minimums IG Wealth adjusts strategies, fees of multiple funds The leaders discussed many issues affecting their businesses, including fund distribution, fund governance, fiduciary duty and socially-responsible investing. They also discussed demographic trends and their implications to the pension systems and the funds industry, as well as the recent changes in business environment, focusing, in particular, on the fund passport initiatives, information technology, cybersecurity and the increasing role of exchange-traded funds. “We recognize the need to proactively respond to the increasingly important global regulatory initiatives in identifying and dealing with systemic risks in the financial system, as well as the need to strengthen investor protection in light of the increasingly important cross-border investment flows,” said Paul Schott Stevens, chairman of the IIFA and president and CEO of the Washington, D.C.-based Investment Company Institute, in a news release. IIFA’s 31st annual conference will be held in Zurich, Switzerland in October 2017. Facebook LinkedIn Twitter
Donna McKechnie View Comments Donna McKechnie, Priscilla Lopez and Baayork Lee, who shared the stage in the original Broadway production of A Chorus Line, are among the stars set to present at the 2017 Chita Rivera Awards! The event, hosted by Bebe Neuwirth, will take place on September 11 at 7:30pm at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre.Presenters set to join McKechnie, Lopez and Lee will be Chris Noth, David Hyde Pierce, Carmen De Lavallade, Nikki M. James, Tony Yazbeck, Karen Ziemba, Melissa Errico, Jerry Zaks, Marcia Milgrom Dodge, Lee Roy Reams and Pam McKinnon.In addition to the announcement of winners in competitive categories, the evening, directed by four-time Tony nominee Randy Skinner, will include performances by The New York City Ballet performing “America” from West Side Story to honor Rivera as well as Robert Fairchild and Melanie Moore dancing a duet montage from La La Land, A Bronx Tale, Come From Away and off-Broadway’s recent Sweet Charity revival. American Dance Machine will re-create “We’ll Take a Glass Together” from Grand Hotel in a tribute to theater and dance legend Tommy Tune, who will be presented with the inaugural Lifetime Achievement Award. Diane Paulus will receive the Outstanding Contribution to Musical Theater Award as director and Antonio Vendome will receive the Outstanding Contribution to the Arts and Humanities Award.The mission of the Chita Rivera Awards is to celebrate dance and choreographic excellence, and the awards seek to continue that vision by not only celebrating the superb achievement of each nominee but by recognizing the immeasurable talents and passion of every theatrical choreographer and dancer.
17 7 11 Wellington Cade Phelps leads Wellington to victory with 18 points including three 3-pointers in third quarter.by Tracy McCue, Sumner Newscow â€” After splitting in the regular season, the sub-state first round game between Wellington and Rose Hill boys basketball game looked on paper to be a barn burner.It wasnâ€™t.The Crusaders buried Rose Hill Thursday on its home court 59-44 to advance to the sub state championship game. It will play Mulvane on Saturday at 7:30 p.m. The Wildcats beat Winfield earlier in the evening 60-47.Sparked by a Cade Phelps barrage in which he knocked down three consecutive 3-pointers in the third quarter, Wellington opened up a double digit lead and never looked back.â€œHe was feeling it,â€ said Rick Roitman, Wellington head boys basketball coach. â€œWhat impressed me even more is after that moment, we never allowed Rose Hill back in it. Weâ€™ve lost 12 games this year and nine of those losses we had leads, sometimes double digit leads.â€The Crusaders would outscore Rose Hill 22-14 in the third quarter and 17-12 in the fourth to pick up the 15-point win.That made the first half a distant memory in which Wellington clutched to a 20-18 lead in which neither team was playing well.â€œWe came out tight, and I attribute that to first round jitters,â€ Roitman said. â€œI told the boys this is a one-game season. We lose and it is next season. We win we play another one.â€After intermission, Wellington set the tone in the second half by scoring on its first three possessions and building a 27-21 lead. Then Phelps ripped off three treys in the row and suddenly the Dukes were up 36-21.Rose Hill was done.As the game progressed the Rose Hill defense spread the floor. Wellington would then feed the ball inside to Ian King. By the end of the game, Wellington was up as many as 20 points and had the luxury of playing the reserves in the final two minutes.Phelps finished the game with 18 points, 14 of those in the second half. King had 17 and A.J. Snipes 14.The Crusaders need to continue the momentum against Mulvane in the fourth meeting of the season. Mulvane won two of three in the regular season. But the Crusaders won the last one.â€œYes, weâ€™d like to even the score with Mulvane,â€ Roitman said. â€œThis game will be more important than all the other three put together. This is a season defining game we are about to play.â€Wellington 59, Rose Hill 44 59 â€” Rose Hill 22 13 7 Close Forgot password? Please put in your email: Send me my password! Close message Login This blog post All blog posts Subscribe to this blog post’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Subscribe to this blog’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Follow the discussion Comments Logging you in… Close Login to IntenseDebate Or create an account Username or Email: Password: Forgot login? Cancel Login Close WordPress.com Username or Email: Password: Lost your password? Cancel Login Dashboard | Edit profile | Logout Logged in as Admin Options Disable comments for this page Save Settings You are about to flag this comment as being inappropriate. Please explain why you are flagging this comment in the text box below and submit your report. The blog admin will be notified. Thank you for your input. There are no comments posted yet. Be the first one! Post a new comment Enter text right here! Comment as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Comments by IntenseDebate Enter text right here! Reply as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Cancel Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments 44 â€” 12 Wellington â€” C. Phelps 18, I. King 17, A. Snipes 14, J. Walton 3, J. Mutazammil 3, W. Long 2, G. Hatfield 2Rose Hill â€” H. Forsberg 14, G. Moore 12, C. Knight 5, K. Campbell 4, D. Sapp 4, G. McBride 3, K. Barron 2.Follow us on Facebook.Follow us on Twitter. 14
Traditional laws governing the management of natural resources known as tara bandu were outlawed during the Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. Since the country gained independence in 2002, it has been reviving the tradition in an attempt to control the exploitation of its forests and oceans.There are signs tara bandu has had a positive effect on some local forest, mangrove and coral reef ecosystems.Esteem for tradition seems to outweigh the adverse effects tara bandu has had on some people’s livelihoods, encouraging respect for the law.This is the first story in Mongabay’s three-part profile of the Maubere’s revival of tara bandu. Read the other stories in Mongabay’s three-part profile of the Maubere’s revival of tara bandu:Timor-Leste: Q&A with a Maubere fisherman on reviving depleted fisheriesTimor-Leste: With sacrifice and ceremony, tribe sets eco rules Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored BIACOU, Timor-Leste — In October of 2012, 43-year-old Buru-Bara and four of his fellow villagers went to fish in the turquoise waters that break gently on the northern coast of Timor-Leste. They had a good catch that day, and on their way back home they sat down under an old tamarind tree, where they kindled a fire to grill some fish and started drinking palm wine.“A few hours later, while leaving the place, we forgot to stamp out the fire,” Buru-Bara told Mongabay. “The fire soon spread to the tamarind tree and burned it to ashes.”The burning of the tree, although unintentional, would cost the five men the equivalent of $60 each, about the average monthly wage for the country. The tree had been declared sacred, and damaging it was prohibited under tara bandu, a customary law common to Timor-Leste’s various indigenous ethnic groups, who collectively refer to themselves as Maubere.A few days after the incident, at a gathering in the churchyard of their village of Biacou, village leaders handed down the penalty. The five men unhesitatingly paid the fine, Buru-Bara said, because violating tara bandu is sacrilegious in Maubere tradition. “It’s a grave disrespect to Rai na’in [a land spirit] and the community, and one must redress it at any cost,” said Buru-Bara.Tara bandu was outlawed during the two and a half decades of Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. But since the country became independent in 2002, it has been reviving the tradition in an attempt to control the exploitation of its marine and terrestrial resources. There are signs tara bandu has had a positive effect on the mangroves, forests and reefs of Biacou. However, not everyone there is happy with the outcome because some people’s livelihoods have been adversely affected: reef gleaners, salt makers, and fishermen. Even so, for many in Biacou and elsewhere in the fledgling nation, the customary law of tara bandu offers a path toward developing a sustainable, community-led model of natural resource use.Canoe fishers in the district of Viqueque, Timor-Leste. Image by Alex Tilley/WorldFish.A native natural resources management systemPedro Rodrigues, a Maubere tribesman and fisheries expert with Timor-Leste’s Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), advised Biacou’s community leaders in formulating tara bandu. He described the law as a customary natural resources management system that “governs the relationships among humans and between human and non-human entities — seas, forests, spaces, objects, animals, crops, the state.”Tara bandu can include a wide array of restrictions, as determined by a particular community. It could prohibit access to certain spaces, fishing in particular spots, catching particular species, cutting down particular trees, or for that matter damaging anything declared lulik, which means sacred in the Tetum and Kemak languages. The system is localized, so places and objects identified as lulik and accorded protection vary from village to village depending on local needs, preferences and beliefs.“In our village, tara bandu rules prohibit cutting down of tamarind, cajeput and sandalwood trees, catching and killing of sea turtles, and causing damage to the coral reefs in the Tasi Feto waters,” said Buru-Bara, using the local term, meaning “mother sea,” for the waters off Timor-Leste’s northern shore.Some 30 kilometers (18 miles) off that shore, the village of Suco Makili on Atauro Island has its own tara bandu. “We’ve a belief that our avó feto [grandmother, ancestor] was a descendent of turtle. So we consider sea turtles lulik and our tara bandu prohibits catching or killing of sea turtles,” Zanuari Carvalho, a 65-year-old local fisherman, told Mongabay.Local leaders display a special object called a horok, often a bamboo post wrapped in traditional Maubere cloth and coconut leaves, to notify locals and passersby that a tara bandu restriction is in place. Violations incur fines that the communities determine when they declare tara bandu at a special ceremony.Maubere elders participate in a ceremony establishing tara bandu regulations to protect community-owned forests in Suco Hera, a village about 100 kilometers (62 miles) east of Biacou. Image by Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya.Outlawed, then revivedTara bandu was more or less in practice across Timor-Leste well into the sunset of Portuguese colonial rule, which permitted indigenous laws and rituals so long as they didn’t affront government interests. On Dec. 7, 1975, nine days after the revolutionary Fretilin movement made a unilateral declaration of independence from the Portuguese, Indonesian armed forces occupied the island and soon banned any Maubere practice that involved people gathering, including tara bandu declaration ceremony.“They replaced the traditional-customary mechanisms of regulating natural resources with the Indonesian national forestry system,” said Rodrigues. It proved to be a disaster, he said, as Indonesian forestry officials had a poor understanding of Timor-Leste’s ecosystems.By many accounts, the Indonesian occupation brought ruinous plunder of the country’s precious forests and exceptionally rich marine resources. Over the last decade of Indonesian rule, deforestation in the western part of the country was around 18 percent, potentially in part due to logging by Indonesian companies, according to a 2004 study in the journal Natural Resources Forum. The Indonesian occupation authorities opened the sea to large-scale commercial exploitation, bringing in fleets that employed destructive fishing techniques, damaging coral reefs and other marine ecosystems, and overfished, according to Rodrigues.When the Indonesian occupation forces withdrew in 1999, they left behind a trail of destruction. “The Indonesians removed and burned down vast patches of forests across the island. They bombed the coral reefs and the coastal fisheries,” said Carvalho. “I still remember the deeply disturbing sight of thousands of dead fish washing ashore after such bombings.”Since Timor-Leste attained independence in 2002, local and national efforts have been underway to figure out how to sustainably tap the country’s marine resources. Reviving tara bandu in coastal Maubere communities like Biacou, Manatuto, and Atauro Island has been part of that. Tara bandu has yet to receive formal legal sanction under the Timor-Leste Constitution, but the government encourages local communities and NGOs to use it to improve natural-resource management, according to Rodrigues. “The country has yet a long way to go in making the formal justice system available in the rural areas,” and tara bandu helps fill the gap, he said.Buru-Bara’s village of Biacou practiced tara bandu until Indonesian occupation authorities banned it in late 1975. Nearly 40 years later, in 2012, the village reintroduced tara bandu, expanding its domain to focus on the sea.“Before the Indonesians came, our forefathers practiced tara bandu to save forests and water sources,” said Sergio Pedroco, Biacou’s chief at the time. “However, they didn’t include marine resources, coral reefs, and mangroves under tara bandu protection. But the present tara bandu declares coral reefs, sea turtles, and mangroves in the Tasi Feto waters lulik and protected.”Maps show the island of Timor, shared by Timor-Leste to the east and Indonesia to the west, and the location of Biacou in Timor-Leste. Maps courtesy of Google Maps.Toward a new marine economyAn island nation of 1.29 million people, Timor-Leste sits in the heart of the Coral Triangle, a 6-million-square-kilometer (2.32-million-square-mile) area of the western Pacific Ocean endowed with the world’s richest marine biodiversity, according to the NGO World Wide Fund for Nature. The area is home to about three-quarters of the world’s coral species, more than one-third of coral reef fish species, and six of the world’s seven marine turtle species. It also sustains at least 120 million people, 2.25 million of whom are fishers.A 2016 survey by the NGO Conservation International found that Atauro Island has the most biodiverse reef fish community in the world. Mangrove forests dot the country’s rocky coralline coasts, providing essential services, such as filtering pollutants, providing critical habitat for some coral reef fish species, sequestering carbon andprotecting against rising seas and tsunamis.A spearfisher fishing on the reef near the village of Suco Adara on Atauro Island, Timor-Leste. In 2016, the village enacted a tara bandu designating no-fishing zones. Image by Alex Tilley/WorldFish.With Timor-Leste’s oil reserves, the nation’s main source of income, predicted to be exhausted in a few years, many think the country could find an alternative economic lifeline in its breathtakingly beautiful seascapes.“The coral reefs and marine resources under Timor-Leste waters, if managed properly, have tremendous potential to fuel a sustainable marine ecotourism industry in the country,” said Alex Tilley, a British fisheries biologist with the Malaysia-based NGO WorldFish in Timor-Leste.Rodrigues and others see the revival of tara bandu as a way to make that vision a reality. “Coastal communities here have been tapping the Triangle’s resources for ages without causing damage to the ecosystem,” said Rodrigues. “Now, they’re also harnessing tara bandu in a bid to better manage their marine resources.”A sea star in the waters of Timor-Leste. Image by Johannes Zielcke via Flickr (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).Tara bandu to rehabilitate the sea Six years have passed since Biacou revived tara bandu. Four hours’ drive from the capital city of Dili, the village sits in a valley located right in the coastal fringe of forest. To the north a mangrove forest divides it from the Tasi Feto waters; to the south squat the Biacou Mountains.Villagers make their living from a mix of fishing, reef gleaning, salt production and crop and livestock farming. Fish is both a major source of food and the community’s primary source of income. There are 44 registered fishing boats in the village, most of them small canoes for solo fishing, per records from the country’s National Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture.Local tara bandu law specifically protects coral reefs, sea turtles and mangroves, and prohibits fish bombing, fish poisoning and interference in certain saline areas. “The coastal and marine resources are critical for the livelihoods of the villagers,” said Pedroco, the former village chief. “Tara bandu has helped us sustainably exploit our fish stock,” he added, in particular by curtailing villagers’ practice of fish bombing and poisoning, which harm the ecosystem.In early 2012, Biacou’s traditional leaders, in consultation with government and United Nations fisheries experts, conducted a survey identifying certain spots in the Tasi Feto where tara bandu enacted later that year restricted certain fishing activities and declared no-fishing zones. “These no-fishing zones have allowed fish regeneration and are thus keeping a balance in the fish stock in the coastal fisheries,” said Rodrigues, at the time an employee of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization’s Regional Fisheries Livelihood Programfor South and Southeast Asia (RFLP).One of the no-fishing zones faces Alor Island, which the community considers especially sacred. “We believe a lulik ancestral stone with magical powers from the neighboring island of Alor lies in the bottom of the sea in that area. Our tara bandu law strictly prohibits fishing over it,” said Pedroco.For Pedroco and Rodrigues, Biacou’s tara bandu has been a clear success. Rodrigues said that in 2014 he and his colleagues from the RFLP informally assessed the tara bandu’s effect in Biacou with a study that primarily relied on changes observed by villagers. It found an overall positive impact on coastal and forest resources, recording growth of mangroves and forests, Rodrigues said.Pedroco echoed these claims: “As a result of tara bandu restrictions, the mangrove area has grown denser than earlier, less coral is extracted for the production of lime than before, and the forests around the village are thriving.”Vegetation extends between the coastal mangrove forest and the sea near Biacou. Image by Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya.Economic ripples However, not everybody in Biacou is so positive. Village residents told Mongabay that since the revival of tara bandu, the average monthly household expenditure has risen by $8 to $10, as they must now procure firewood, lime, fruits, and seafood from outside the protected areas. Moreover, they said that tara bandu has adversely affected people who make their living from the sea, pushing some to turn to farming, animal rearing or temporary construction work in urban centers away from home.Fishermen, for instance, have been forced farther out to sea, as the tara bandu restricts fishing near the shore — a riskier prospect that took some getting used to, according to Fernando da Costa, a fisherman in Biacou.Da Costa said he hopes once the fish stocks near shore are rebuilt, restrictions on fishing them will be relaxed by convening a nahe biti, a traditional ceremony of reconciliation and reconsideration, on the current tara bandu rules. Before that can happen, however, leaders must verify that the stocks have recovered, and they have yet to do so. “I just hope the wise village elders involved in enacting tara bandu will deliberate on this soon,” Da Costa said.Men and women fish together in Suco Adara on Atauro Island, where a tara band has been in place since 2016. Image by David Mills/WorldFish.Salt makers also grumble about the tara bandu because it prohibits gathering the firewood they use, to boil saltwater and separate the salt from it, in nearby mangroves and coastal forests. Now they must travel beyond the protected area for firewood.“Once the tara bandu law came, the work’s become too heavy,” a 64-year old salt maker from Biacou named Celestina da Costa told Mongabay. “So much so that at times I feel like giving up. Many of my neighbors have already given up salt making,” she said.Reef gleaners are also finding it harder to earn a living. Across the country, the gleaners, mainly women, walk out to a reef at low tide to gather edibles and chunks of coral. They wrap the latter in palm leaves and then dry over a fire until it disintegrates into lime powder, an indispensable ingredient in the Maubere’s beloved areca-nut and betel-leaf chew.Crucially, one of the aims of Biacou’s tara bandu is to protect the reef situated right in front of the village, and gleaning there is now prohibited. That has strained the personal finances of women like Melinda da Costa, a 42-year-old reef gleaner who told Mongabay she not only lost her modest yet meaningful income from lime, but now must purchase what her family consumes.Even so, esteem for Maubere tradition seems to outweigh such hardships for Melinda da Costa and others.“We have to conserve the reef as the tara bandu mandates so. We can’t offend Rai na’in and the village community,” she said.Maubere elders in the village of Suco Fatumea draft tara bandu regulations to protect local forests and water sources. Image by Egrilio Ferreira Vincente.Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya is an independent journalist based in Assam, northeastern India. In addition to Mongabay, he has written for The Diplomat, Buzzfeed India, Scroll.in, Down To Earth, The NewsLens International, EarthIsland Journal, and other publications.Editor’s note: Reporting for this story was funded by a Reporting Right Livelihood grant from the Sweden-based Right Livelihood Award Foundation in 2017.Correction 10/31/18: The original version of this story incorrectly referred to the village of Biacou by its former name, Suco Biacou. Suco is an administrative term referring to a village-like locality; Biacou was recently incorporated into a neighboring suco and lost that official designation. We regret the error. CitationsBouma, G.A., Kobryn, H.T. (2004). Change in vegetation cover in East Timor, 1989–1999. Natural Resources Forum28:1–12.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Coastal Ecosystems, Community Forestry, Community Forests, Community-based Conservation, Development, Environment, Featured, Fish, Fisheries, Fishing, Forests, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Human Rights, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Land Rights, Law Enforcement, Mangroves, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, Overfishing, Tropical Forests Article published by Rebecca Kessler