Dumpsters marked for plastic bottles often receive other types of plastics, which have to be manually pulled out and disposed of. Independent/T. E. McMorrowEast Hampton Town Board members focused on garbage during the board’s work session on February 19.In 2018, Councilwoman Sylvia Overby told her fellow board members, the town accumulated just over 12,249 tons of non-recyclable waste at its two recycling centers, one of which is on Springs-Fireplace Road in East Hampton, the other just west of downtown Montauk on Montauk Highway.The good news is, the town also received multiple tons of recyclables. The town was able to salvage and resell almost 543 tons of corrugated cardboard. Cardboard is one of the few recyclables that can, depending upon market forces, occasionally turn a profit. As with all recyclables, the cardboard is sold to whoever the highest bidder is at any given time, Highway Superintendent Stephen Lynch said last week.According to Will Flower, vice president of Winters Brothers Carting, the firm that hauls off the town’s non-recyclables, the recyclable garbage market right now is in a bit of turmoil. China has always been a major consumer of American recyclables. That took a decided turn for the worse in 2018, when, Flowers said, China abruptly stopped taking recyclables, though the possibility of a trade deal between the U.S. and China could augur well for the future.Plastic bottles present a challenge for East Hampton at its recycling centers. That is because residents tend to toss all kinds of plastic into the bins. Anything that is not a plastic bottle has to be fished out and thrown into the non-recyclable pile, costing the town manpower hours, in a market in which every penny counts. The plastic bottle dumpster is for plastic bottles, and plastic bottles, only. That is all the recycling companies are looking for.Plastic bottles are made from number one and number two plastics. Number one plastic, polyethylene terephthalate, can be recycled into a variety of uses, including polyester used in the garment industry. Number two plastic, high-density polyethylene, also has a variety of uses when recycled.The glass collected by East Hampton is ground up into a silica-free sand, which the town Highway Department can use for drainage receptacles, Lynch said.The town also baled and sold 348 tons of mixed paper, and 163 tons of newsprint last year.So, where did that over 12,249 tons of non-recyclable garbage go? According to Lynch, once the Winters Brothers trucks haul it away, the town washes its hands of the refuse.There are two possible destinations for the town’s non-recyclables, Flower said. If there is room at the Covanta Huntington incinerator in Northport, the garbage will be burned. The ash then is hauled to a landfill in Brookhaven. If the incinerator is full, or closed for maintenance, the garbage is taken to a Winters Brothers transfer station, bailed, and exported to Ohio for disposal in a landfill, he noted.“People produce four and a half pounds of garbage a day,” Flower said. When multiplied by the number of residents in the town, the result is a lot of [email protected] Share
Share Share Tweet 61 Views no discussions Sharing is caring! EducationLocalNewsPrimarySecondary Work of retired teachers highlighted by: – October 5, 2012 Share DAT President, Mrs. Celia NicholasAs the Dominica Association of Teachers joins the rest of the world in observing World Teachers Day, they have highlighted the work of six retired teachers who gave dedicated service to the profession.On Friday, at a Teacher’s Day rally in Point Michel, the Association presented six retired teachers with awards.They honorees are;1. Anita Royer who taught for 34 years2. Celia Blaize who taught for 40 years3. Rosillia Le Blanc who taught for 39 years4. Bernice Leslie who taught for 37 years5. Athelstane Seraphine who taught for 36 years and6. Gerogina Richards who taught for 9 yearsDAT’s president, Mrs. Celia Nicholas presenting the award to Ms. Anita PeterTribute to Anita RoyerAnita Royer, better known as “Teacher Rosy”, taught at the St. Luke’s Primary School from 1970 to 2004. While she pursued studies at the Dominica Teachers’ Training College, she undertook teaching practice at several other schools. During the thirty-four (34) years as an educator, she taught pupils between the ages of 7 and 8 years. Her greatest joy came from seeing students move from one level of learning to another. She ensured that her students improved in all subjects areas but she felt most heartened by the great strides they had made in reading and writing skills by the end of the academic year.Her interest in her students continued even after they left her class. She is gratified by the achievements of her past students. These former students speak highly of her and the profound impact she has made on their lives.Subsequent to her retirement with teaching still in her blood, she taught as a volunteer teacher at St. Luke’s School for six years. Currently, her expertise is utilized by the school whenever there is a need. The saying “Once a teacher, Always a Teacher” epitomizes this humble lady to whom we pay tribute today. “Well don’t, Teacher Rosy!”DAT’s president, Mrs. Celia Nicholas presenting the award to Ms. Celia BlaizeTribute to Celia BlaizeMs. Celia Blaize began working as a preschool teacher from May 7, 1964 at one of the first pre-schools in Dominica, facilitated by the Social Centre. This pre-school was housed in a small building opposite the St. Gerard’s Hall where she worked with two other teachers Mrs. Patricia Lockhart and Ms. Enis Joseph.Ms. Blaize worked there for about two years and was then transferred to the Loubiere Pre-School in early 1966.In 1968 when the New Town Ginger School opened, she was transferred to the school as the Teacher-in-charge, as it was a new school and an experienced teacher was needed. She had one assistant, Ms. Anne-Marie Williams. This school had over one hundred (100) children enrolled. In 1973 when the Loubiere Pre-School was transferred to the Chapel there was a need to revive that school and as a result she was again transferred to Loubiere. After two years at Loubiere, Ms. Blaize migrated to Aruba where she spent five years. On her return to Dominica in 1980, she was called again to teach in her village of Point Michel, and her love for children motivated her to take the position in October 1980. A position, she held for over twenty-three (23) years. Ms. Blaize resigned from teaching in August 2004.Ms. Blaize was on the Parent Board of the Southern Dominica Child Development Project.Having been a pre-school teacher for thirty-five (35) years, Mr. Blaize has helped shaped the lives of many Dominicans. Many of her students have gone on to become successful professionals in many fields and are making a significant contribution locally, regionally and internationally.Ms. Blaize’s main goal was to develop early childhood education and to help people in the community, especially the needy and the elderly.Ms. Blaize received a Dominica Service Award of Honour for long and Meritorious Service on November 3rd, 2004 from the Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica.DAT president, Mrs. Celia Nicholas presenting the award to Ms. Rosillia Le BlancTribute to Miss Rosillia Le BlancMiss Rosillia Le Blanc was born in Portsmouth on the 27th of August, 1952.She attended the St. John’s School, Vieille Case Government School and the Convent High School and then the Dominica Teachers’ Training College. She joined the teaching service in February 1973 and taught at the Soufriere Government School for one year and five months.She was then transferred to the St. Luke’s School where she taught for thirty-seven years until retirement in August 2012.Tribute to Mrs. Georgina RichardsMrs. Georgina Richards nee Registe was born in the community of Pointe Michel to Mr and Mrs. Denis Registe. She attended the St. Luke’s Primary School.At the age of fifteen, she began her teaching service at the school. She taught from 1950 to 1959 when she got married and began her family. Teacher Georgie, as she is affectionately known, still lives in the community of Pointe Michel and is a well respected member of the community. Her love of teaching has been passed on to her children, three of whom are teachers today.Only Celia Blaize, Rosillia Le Blanc and Anita Royer were present at Friday’s ceremony, the others are unwell and could not attend.Dominica Vibes News
FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The University of Alaska’s board of regents is considering whether to consolidate the school’s education programs into one college based in Fairbanks, a move that has drawn criticism from the university’s Juneau campus. The advisory council for University of Alaska Southeast in Juneau passed a resolution Monday expressing “overwhelming disagreement” with Johnsen’s plan. Juneau Mayor Ken Koelsch has also opposed the change, arguing that centralizing education programs in Fairbanks could potentially hurt the “long-term viability” of the University of Alaska Southeast. The Juneau Empire reports (http://bit.ly/2fghis2 ) the board is expected to decide sometime this week on what university President Jim Johnsen has called a cost-saving measure. Under the single systemwide college of education, there would only be one dean, instead of the three that currently operate within the university system.
By ANEEKA SIMONIS THE latest power outage in Pakenham appears to have blown residents’ last fuse, which has one handyman…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
UNAI EMERY has brought the nastiness back to Arsenal — and their fans are loving it.For years the Gunners have been a soft touch, with diminutive midfielders who can be trampled all over.15 Emery guided Arsenal to a 4-2 win over rivals TottenhamCredit: AFP or Licensors15 Fans are loving seeing Arsenal get their nasty side backCredit: ReutersBut “we’ve got our Arsenal back” is the song being sung at the Emirates — and Emery is delighted.The Arsenal boss said: “I feel proud when the fans sing that they have their Arsenal back but we have to continue with calmness and humility.”Emery knows it is controlled aggression that will be the key to extending his team’s unbeaten run to 20 matches when they visit Manchester United tomorrow.But the Spanish manager certainly did not appear to be unduly concerned by the club yesterday being charged with failing to control their players during the 4-2 North London derby victory on Sunday.Latest Arsenal NewsRacing TipsHOT OFF THE PRESSDon’t miss The Sun’s each-way thief and NAPs for today right hereDEIDRE’S CLASSIC PHOTO CASEBOOKSingle mum Penny avoids telling her date about baby PoppyMYSTIC MEGJuly 27: Passion is full-on and might ask a lot of you - but is worth the effortMIXED DOUBLESTennis legends Boris Becker and Bjorn Borg set sail with partners in IbizaHIT & RUN ‘MURDER’Woman, 38, ‘killed in hit & run’ after getting into van as man arrestedBLADE SHUNNERSAshley Banjo reveals Dancing On Ice could ditch studio audience in 2021ICE CREAM OF THE CROPNadiya Bychkova reveals sensational body while relaxing on holidayMOVING FASTWhite Lines’ Laura Haddock goes house-hunting with boyfriend Tom Rhys Harries15 Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang notched two of the goals against SpursCredit: Getty Images – Getty💪 PAPA 💪 pic.twitter.com/urze7vYHX7— Arsenal (@Arsenal) December 3, 2018 Asked whether he was proud of the way his players had stuck up for each other during the first-half brawl with Tottenham, the wily Spaniard avoided a direct answer.Yet just as the FA charges were being announced, the club’s official Twitter account posted a picture of Sokratis Papastathopoulos towering over the grounded Harry Kane accompanied by a couple of bulging muscle emojis.The Greek hardman had certainly relished his battle with Spurs’ talismanic striker, declaring after their battle: “Harry Kane is one of the best strikers in the world — but not today.”It was a quip which is certain to endear him to the red half of North London, who went to work with a fuzzy head yesterday following their hard-fought victory.15 Ugly scenes broke after Spurs went 2-1 upCredit: AP:Associated Press15 Tempers flared with both sets of players getting physicalCredit: AFP or licensors15 Spurs manager Pochettino tried to settle things downCredit: ReutersAnd Sokratis is by no means the only new arrival who is bringing a combative approach to the Emirates.Stephan Lichtsteiner and Matteo Guendouzi were only warming up as substitutes, yet still managed to be at the heart of Sunday’s bust-up.Lucas Torreira has already established himself as a cult hero due to the ferocity of his challenges, belying his small frame.And that fearless approach is beginning to rub off on the rest of the squad, with the likes of Sead Kolasinac, Shkodran Mustafi and Granit Xhaka also relishing the opportunity to get physical.Xhaka will be suspended for tomorrow’s match at Old Trafford after collecting his fifth yellow card of the season on Sunday but Guendouzi will be an equally competitive replacement in midfield.15 The Emirates saw a heated London derbyCredit: AP:Associated Press15 The game was a throwback with hard challenges going inCredit: AP:Associated PressEmery admitted he had to try and calm his players down at half-time during the victory over Spurs.He said: “Against Tottenham on Sunday, the talk in the dressing-room at half-time was all about remaining calm and then giving the players some confidence.“When I was a player, I struggled to cope with the pressure in a lot of games so I understand how some of my team might be feeling in moments like this.“The best way to break that negative pressure is with confidence, but that is not something you can buy in a supermarket.“You need to create it every day in the conversations between us and by doing positive things together in training.”15 Midfielder Lucas Torreira scored the Gunners fourth and final goalCredit: Getty Images – GettyThe United game will certainly test Arsenal’s fighting spirit. There was a time during Arsene Wenger’s early years in charge that the Gunners had a ruthless streak of steel running right through them. And it usually came to the fore at the Red Devils.In September 2003, Wenger and six of his players were charged by the FA and the club were hit with a record fine after the infamous ‘Battle of Old Trafford’.Their mounting red card count became a constant theme as the likes of Patrick Vieira, Martin Keown, Tony Adams and Emmanuel Petit set out to show they were nobody’s soft touch.If you wanted to play, they were ready to match their skills against any opponent.15 ‘Battle of Old Trafford’ took place in September 2003Credit: Getty – Contributor15 After United striker Ruud van Nistelrooy missed a penatly Martin Keown ran over to confront himCredit: AFP – Getty15 The game ended 0-0 and Arsenal would go on to win the league that year without losing a gameCredit: Getty Images – GettyBut if you wanted a war, well, they were ready for that too.Yet that goalless draw was to prove the key moment in Arsenal’s Invincibles season.Now Gunners fans are hoping Sunday’s ferociously-contested derby will prove to be a similar catalyst for their team. The new-found fighting spirit is also helping Arsenal come from behind to salvage something from games.No team has won more points from losing positions this season than the Gunners.Remarkably, they have found themselves behind in eight of their 14 Premier League games, yet have fought back to take 12 points.Much of the credit for that turnaround is down to Emery’s astute substitutions and tactical changes.He claimed: “Maybe it’s lucky, because at some of the other teams I coached the criticism of me was that I usually changed very late.15 Arsenal have not lost in 12 gamesCredit: AFP or licensors“Now people are saying I change very quickly and I think this is something I learned from Javier Irureta when he was my coach at Real Socieded.“I remember one day he said to us ‘When I change it is because I want to make a difference’.“Maybe it will be positive, maybe it will be negative but there has to be a change.On Sunday I changed two players at half-time, not because they were doing badly but because we needed to push with different players in a different way.“It all depends on how the match is going.“But the situation we are living with is the fact that in 14 matches in the Premier League, we have not won one first-half.15 Lacazette and Aubameyang have been in fine form for the Gunners this seasonCredit: AP:Associated Press15 Emery will hope his side can contunie their winning form against UnitedCredit: Alamy Live News“That is the reason I need to change but each match is a big opportunity for us.“I am very motivated for the challenge of going to Manchester United.“It is clear Manchester City have a big advantage over us in terms of points, in goals scored and conceded.“The difference with Liverpool is not so big but it is also there.“The reality is that we are at the same level as Chelsea and Tottenham but it is all about progress and improving.”Aaron Ramsey and Dele Alli fight triggers mass Arsenal v Tottenham brawl – even Mauricio Pochettino gets involved!
Traditional laws governing the management of natural resources known as tara bandu were outlawed during the Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. Since the country gained independence in 2002, it has been reviving the tradition in an attempt to control the exploitation of its forests and oceans.There are signs tara bandu has had a positive effect on some local forest, mangrove and coral reef ecosystems.Esteem for tradition seems to outweigh the adverse effects tara bandu has had on some people’s livelihoods, encouraging respect for the law.This is the first story in Mongabay’s three-part profile of the Maubere’s revival of tara bandu. Read the other stories in Mongabay’s three-part profile of the Maubere’s revival of tara bandu:Timor-Leste: Q&A with a Maubere fisherman on reviving depleted fisheriesTimor-Leste: With sacrifice and ceremony, tribe sets eco rules Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored BIACOU, Timor-Leste — In October of 2012, 43-year-old Buru-Bara and four of his fellow villagers went to fish in the turquoise waters that break gently on the northern coast of Timor-Leste. They had a good catch that day, and on their way back home they sat down under an old tamarind tree, where they kindled a fire to grill some fish and started drinking palm wine.“A few hours later, while leaving the place, we forgot to stamp out the fire,” Buru-Bara told Mongabay. “The fire soon spread to the tamarind tree and burned it to ashes.”The burning of the tree, although unintentional, would cost the five men the equivalent of $60 each, about the average monthly wage for the country. The tree had been declared sacred, and damaging it was prohibited under tara bandu, a customary law common to Timor-Leste’s various indigenous ethnic groups, who collectively refer to themselves as Maubere.A few days after the incident, at a gathering in the churchyard of their village of Biacou, village leaders handed down the penalty. The five men unhesitatingly paid the fine, Buru-Bara said, because violating tara bandu is sacrilegious in Maubere tradition. “It’s a grave disrespect to Rai na’in [a land spirit] and the community, and one must redress it at any cost,” said Buru-Bara.Tara bandu was outlawed during the two and a half decades of Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. But since the country became independent in 2002, it has been reviving the tradition in an attempt to control the exploitation of its marine and terrestrial resources. There are signs tara bandu has had a positive effect on the mangroves, forests and reefs of Biacou. However, not everyone there is happy with the outcome because some people’s livelihoods have been adversely affected: reef gleaners, salt makers, and fishermen. Even so, for many in Biacou and elsewhere in the fledgling nation, the customary law of tara bandu offers a path toward developing a sustainable, community-led model of natural resource use.Canoe fishers in the district of Viqueque, Timor-Leste. Image by Alex Tilley/WorldFish.A native natural resources management systemPedro Rodrigues, a Maubere tribesman and fisheries expert with Timor-Leste’s Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), advised Biacou’s community leaders in formulating tara bandu. He described the law as a customary natural resources management system that “governs the relationships among humans and between human and non-human entities — seas, forests, spaces, objects, animals, crops, the state.”Tara bandu can include a wide array of restrictions, as determined by a particular community. It could prohibit access to certain spaces, fishing in particular spots, catching particular species, cutting down particular trees, or for that matter damaging anything declared lulik, which means sacred in the Tetum and Kemak languages. The system is localized, so places and objects identified as lulik and accorded protection vary from village to village depending on local needs, preferences and beliefs.“In our village, tara bandu rules prohibit cutting down of tamarind, cajeput and sandalwood trees, catching and killing of sea turtles, and causing damage to the coral reefs in the Tasi Feto waters,” said Buru-Bara, using the local term, meaning “mother sea,” for the waters off Timor-Leste’s northern shore.Some 30 kilometers (18 miles) off that shore, the village of Suco Makili on Atauro Island has its own tara bandu. “We’ve a belief that our avó feto [grandmother, ancestor] was a descendent of turtle. So we consider sea turtles lulik and our tara bandu prohibits catching or killing of sea turtles,” Zanuari Carvalho, a 65-year-old local fisherman, told Mongabay.Local leaders display a special object called a horok, often a bamboo post wrapped in traditional Maubere cloth and coconut leaves, to notify locals and passersby that a tara bandu restriction is in place. Violations incur fines that the communities determine when they declare tara bandu at a special ceremony.Maubere elders participate in a ceremony establishing tara bandu regulations to protect community-owned forests in Suco Hera, a village about 100 kilometers (62 miles) east of Biacou. Image by Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya.Outlawed, then revivedTara bandu was more or less in practice across Timor-Leste well into the sunset of Portuguese colonial rule, which permitted indigenous laws and rituals so long as they didn’t affront government interests. On Dec. 7, 1975, nine days after the revolutionary Fretilin movement made a unilateral declaration of independence from the Portuguese, Indonesian armed forces occupied the island and soon banned any Maubere practice that involved people gathering, including tara bandu declaration ceremony.“They replaced the traditional-customary mechanisms of regulating natural resources with the Indonesian national forestry system,” said Rodrigues. It proved to be a disaster, he said, as Indonesian forestry officials had a poor understanding of Timor-Leste’s ecosystems.By many accounts, the Indonesian occupation brought ruinous plunder of the country’s precious forests and exceptionally rich marine resources. Over the last decade of Indonesian rule, deforestation in the western part of the country was around 18 percent, potentially in part due to logging by Indonesian companies, according to a 2004 study in the journal Natural Resources Forum. The Indonesian occupation authorities opened the sea to large-scale commercial exploitation, bringing in fleets that employed destructive fishing techniques, damaging coral reefs and other marine ecosystems, and overfished, according to Rodrigues.When the Indonesian occupation forces withdrew in 1999, they left behind a trail of destruction. “The Indonesians removed and burned down vast patches of forests across the island. They bombed the coral reefs and the coastal fisheries,” said Carvalho. “I still remember the deeply disturbing sight of thousands of dead fish washing ashore after such bombings.”Since Timor-Leste attained independence in 2002, local and national efforts have been underway to figure out how to sustainably tap the country’s marine resources. Reviving tara bandu in coastal Maubere communities like Biacou, Manatuto, and Atauro Island has been part of that. Tara bandu has yet to receive formal legal sanction under the Timor-Leste Constitution, but the government encourages local communities and NGOs to use it to improve natural-resource management, according to Rodrigues. “The country has yet a long way to go in making the formal justice system available in the rural areas,” and tara bandu helps fill the gap, he said.Buru-Bara’s village of Biacou practiced tara bandu until Indonesian occupation authorities banned it in late 1975. Nearly 40 years later, in 2012, the village reintroduced tara bandu, expanding its domain to focus on the sea.“Before the Indonesians came, our forefathers practiced tara bandu to save forests and water sources,” said Sergio Pedroco, Biacou’s chief at the time. “However, they didn’t include marine resources, coral reefs, and mangroves under tara bandu protection. But the present tara bandu declares coral reefs, sea turtles, and mangroves in the Tasi Feto waters lulik and protected.”Maps show the island of Timor, shared by Timor-Leste to the east and Indonesia to the west, and the location of Biacou in Timor-Leste. Maps courtesy of Google Maps.Toward a new marine economyAn island nation of 1.29 million people, Timor-Leste sits in the heart of the Coral Triangle, a 6-million-square-kilometer (2.32-million-square-mile) area of the western Pacific Ocean endowed with the world’s richest marine biodiversity, according to the NGO World Wide Fund for Nature. The area is home to about three-quarters of the world’s coral species, more than one-third of coral reef fish species, and six of the world’s seven marine turtle species. It also sustains at least 120 million people, 2.25 million of whom are fishers.A 2016 survey by the NGO Conservation International found that Atauro Island has the most biodiverse reef fish community in the world. Mangrove forests dot the country’s rocky coralline coasts, providing essential services, such as filtering pollutants, providing critical habitat for some coral reef fish species, sequestering carbon andprotecting against rising seas and tsunamis.A spearfisher fishing on the reef near the village of Suco Adara on Atauro Island, Timor-Leste. In 2016, the village enacted a tara bandu designating no-fishing zones. Image by Alex Tilley/WorldFish.With Timor-Leste’s oil reserves, the nation’s main source of income, predicted to be exhausted in a few years, many think the country could find an alternative economic lifeline in its breathtakingly beautiful seascapes.“The coral reefs and marine resources under Timor-Leste waters, if managed properly, have tremendous potential to fuel a sustainable marine ecotourism industry in the country,” said Alex Tilley, a British fisheries biologist with the Malaysia-based NGO WorldFish in Timor-Leste.Rodrigues and others see the revival of tara bandu as a way to make that vision a reality. “Coastal communities here have been tapping the Triangle’s resources for ages without causing damage to the ecosystem,” said Rodrigues. “Now, they’re also harnessing tara bandu in a bid to better manage their marine resources.”A sea star in the waters of Timor-Leste. Image by Johannes Zielcke via Flickr (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).Tara bandu to rehabilitate the sea Six years have passed since Biacou revived tara bandu. Four hours’ drive from the capital city of Dili, the village sits in a valley located right in the coastal fringe of forest. To the north a mangrove forest divides it from the Tasi Feto waters; to the south squat the Biacou Mountains.Villagers make their living from a mix of fishing, reef gleaning, salt production and crop and livestock farming. Fish is both a major source of food and the community’s primary source of income. There are 44 registered fishing boats in the village, most of them small canoes for solo fishing, per records from the country’s National Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture.Local tara bandu law specifically protects coral reefs, sea turtles and mangroves, and prohibits fish bombing, fish poisoning and interference in certain saline areas. “The coastal and marine resources are critical for the livelihoods of the villagers,” said Pedroco, the former village chief. “Tara bandu has helped us sustainably exploit our fish stock,” he added, in particular by curtailing villagers’ practice of fish bombing and poisoning, which harm the ecosystem.In early 2012, Biacou’s traditional leaders, in consultation with government and United Nations fisheries experts, conducted a survey identifying certain spots in the Tasi Feto where tara bandu enacted later that year restricted certain fishing activities and declared no-fishing zones. “These no-fishing zones have allowed fish regeneration and are thus keeping a balance in the fish stock in the coastal fisheries,” said Rodrigues, at the time an employee of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization’s Regional Fisheries Livelihood Programfor South and Southeast Asia (RFLP).One of the no-fishing zones faces Alor Island, which the community considers especially sacred. “We believe a lulik ancestral stone with magical powers from the neighboring island of Alor lies in the bottom of the sea in that area. Our tara bandu law strictly prohibits fishing over it,” said Pedroco.For Pedroco and Rodrigues, Biacou’s tara bandu has been a clear success. Rodrigues said that in 2014 he and his colleagues from the RFLP informally assessed the tara bandu’s effect in Biacou with a study that primarily relied on changes observed by villagers. It found an overall positive impact on coastal and forest resources, recording growth of mangroves and forests, Rodrigues said.Pedroco echoed these claims: “As a result of tara bandu restrictions, the mangrove area has grown denser than earlier, less coral is extracted for the production of lime than before, and the forests around the village are thriving.”Vegetation extends between the coastal mangrove forest and the sea near Biacou. Image by Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya.Economic ripples However, not everybody in Biacou is so positive. Village residents told Mongabay that since the revival of tara bandu, the average monthly household expenditure has risen by $8 to $10, as they must now procure firewood, lime, fruits, and seafood from outside the protected areas. Moreover, they said that tara bandu has adversely affected people who make their living from the sea, pushing some to turn to farming, animal rearing or temporary construction work in urban centers away from home.Fishermen, for instance, have been forced farther out to sea, as the tara bandu restricts fishing near the shore — a riskier prospect that took some getting used to, according to Fernando da Costa, a fisherman in Biacou.Da Costa said he hopes once the fish stocks near shore are rebuilt, restrictions on fishing them will be relaxed by convening a nahe biti, a traditional ceremony of reconciliation and reconsideration, on the current tara bandu rules. Before that can happen, however, leaders must verify that the stocks have recovered, and they have yet to do so. “I just hope the wise village elders involved in enacting tara bandu will deliberate on this soon,” Da Costa said.Men and women fish together in Suco Adara on Atauro Island, where a tara band has been in place since 2016. Image by David Mills/WorldFish.Salt makers also grumble about the tara bandu because it prohibits gathering the firewood they use, to boil saltwater and separate the salt from it, in nearby mangroves and coastal forests. Now they must travel beyond the protected area for firewood.“Once the tara bandu law came, the work’s become too heavy,” a 64-year old salt maker from Biacou named Celestina da Costa told Mongabay. “So much so that at times I feel like giving up. Many of my neighbors have already given up salt making,” she said.Reef gleaners are also finding it harder to earn a living. Across the country, the gleaners, mainly women, walk out to a reef at low tide to gather edibles and chunks of coral. They wrap the latter in palm leaves and then dry over a fire until it disintegrates into lime powder, an indispensable ingredient in the Maubere’s beloved areca-nut and betel-leaf chew.Crucially, one of the aims of Biacou’s tara bandu is to protect the reef situated right in front of the village, and gleaning there is now prohibited. That has strained the personal finances of women like Melinda da Costa, a 42-year-old reef gleaner who told Mongabay she not only lost her modest yet meaningful income from lime, but now must purchase what her family consumes.Even so, esteem for Maubere tradition seems to outweigh such hardships for Melinda da Costa and others.“We have to conserve the reef as the tara bandu mandates so. We can’t offend Rai na’in and the village community,” she said.Maubere elders in the village of Suco Fatumea draft tara bandu regulations to protect local forests and water sources. Image by Egrilio Ferreira Vincente.Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya is an independent journalist based in Assam, northeastern India. In addition to Mongabay, he has written for The Diplomat, Buzzfeed India, Scroll.in, Down To Earth, The NewsLens International, EarthIsland Journal, and other publications.Editor’s note: Reporting for this story was funded by a Reporting Right Livelihood grant from the Sweden-based Right Livelihood Award Foundation in 2017.Correction 10/31/18: The original version of this story incorrectly referred to the village of Biacou by its former name, Suco Biacou. Suco is an administrative term referring to a village-like locality; Biacou was recently incorporated into a neighboring suco and lost that official designation. We regret the error. CitationsBouma, G.A., Kobryn, H.T. (2004). Change in vegetation cover in East Timor, 1989–1999. Natural Resources Forum28:1–12.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Coastal Ecosystems, Community Forestry, Community Forests, Community-based Conservation, Development, Environment, Featured, Fish, Fisheries, Fishing, Forests, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Human Rights, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Land Rights, Law Enforcement, Mangroves, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, Overfishing, Tropical Forests Article published by Rebecca Kessler
The local media have joined in the handwringing and self-flagellation of their US compeers for missing the boat on the sentiments of the “ordinary voter” and thereby being completely flummoxed by the election of Donald Trump as the next president of the United States of America.This lamentation, of course, follows the result of the UK’s “Brexit vote” which was also not predicted by the not so prescient “advanced” pollsters and pundits.The analyses of those two events already can fill several libraries and will continue unabated for the next decade. But it is more than passing strange the local commentators have not realised an analogous phenomenon has been playing out for the last half century in Guyana and perchance they might be able to offer some advice to the perturbed parties up north.In Guyana, for decades since the sixties, our political and chattering classes insisted that ordinary Guyanese were “mistaken” in identifying their political interests with their ethnic identity. They engaged in ponderous exegesis of texts written about the European experience and insisted that ethnic interests here were an “epiphenomenon” of more fundamental “class interests” and should therefore be ignored. When the ordinary people refused to buy this argument, which may or may not have been correct, the politicians then began to play a political game that has continued unchanged until very recently.The reason why the political and chattering classes refused to concede the salience of ethnicity was because their world view was shaped by ideological premises that ethnicity and its “ties of sanguinity” were primeval and therefore “backward”. Class, on the other hand, came out of the “development of capitalism” and therefore was “modern” and progressive. “If only the ordinary voters would see the light,” was the cry by the politicians, even as they adjusted their mobilisation tactics to accommodate ethnicity.We do not have to go into all the why’s and wherefore of the “ethnicity vs class” debate that helped to leave us mired in poverty since independence. Save to note that it all comes down to the insistence of elites that the epistemological bases of their theories are actually the ontological reality of their societies. Apart from their arrogant assumption that their “what ought to be” – jettisoning of ethnic interests – was right for their society, their public rhetoric became the “politically correct” posture and created increasing cynicism in the populace because of the chasm between rhetoric and reality.In the UK and Britain, the premises of the neo-liberal “revolution” launched by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan in the early 1980s became what they insisted was the reality of their people. The consequences of liberalisation – including free trade, globalisation and financialisation – privatisation and stabilisation had to lead to salutary results because the theories said so. A “rising tide would lift all ships” the leaders insisted. Even those across the political divide that were expected to oppose neo-liberalism – Labour in UK and the Democrats in the US – jumped aboard and ignored the inexorable widening of the distribution of wealth in their societies.Tony Blair crafted his “Third Way” and Bill Clinton deregulated the financial architecture and courted Wall Street with even more fervour than Reagan.For a while there was a rising economic tide, but as the consequences played out, the ordinary man was forced by his reality to challenge the orthodoxy.As in Guyana, the media in the UK and the US are controlled by “those that know better” and who snootily look down at the cries of the ordinary citizen as the bleating of “rednecks and yahoos from the sticks.” Up to now the ordinary citizen was ignored. But we predict the politicians from both sides of the divide will now follow the lead of Donald Trump and be more responsive to their ground reality.As to whether they will be more honest about articulating what drives that reality is left to be seen.
Boeing has completed development of the software update, simulator testing and engineering test flights for the 737 MAX.In a statement, the company said that it has flown the updated software on the 737 MAX for more than 360 hours on 207 flights.“We are now providing additional information to address the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requests that include additional detail on how pilots interact with the airplane controls and displays in different flight scenarios,” the statement said.“Once the requests are addressed, we will work with the FAA to schedule their certification test flight and submit final certification documentation.”US FAA acting administrator Dan Elwell earlier told a committee hearing the agency expected to receive the proposed software fix as soon as next week but did not say how long it would take to get the planes back in the air.“We will not allow the 737 MAX to fly in the US until it is absolutely safe to so,” he said.Earlier this month in a major endorsement for the changes made by Boeing to the 737 MAX, the world’s largest pilots’ union said it will not ask the US regulator the FAA to require additional mandatory simulator training on the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) scenarios before pilots can fly the aircraft again.According to Aviation Week, The Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) will just recommend scenario training as part of routine recurrent training.Aviation Week said that ALPA “will make its views known in comments on a draft of proposed minimum 737 MAX training standards out for public comment. The Flight Standardization Board (FSB) draft report does not recommend simulator sessions as part of transition training for 737 Next Generation pilots upgrading to the 737 MAX, opting for less costly computer-based training instead.”READ: Women kicked off plane after ignoring safety briefing It adds: “A person with knowledge of ALPA’s comments tells Aviation Week that the pilots’ union will go a step further, calling for hands-on simulator training at the earliest scheduled opportunity. Under this scenario, MAX pilots would fly simulated MCAS-related scenarios within a year or so as MAX simulators become available, but not before they return to line operations once flight restrictions on the model are lifted. Some regulators are expected to require simulator training as conditions for removing their operations bans, and Air Canada has said it is already using its MAX simulator—the only one in airline hands in North America—to run its 420 MAX pilots through MCAS-related scenarios.”
Hundreds of od flights have been cancelled out of Hong Kong due to the ongoing city-wide protests over the unpopular extradition bill.The Cathay Pacific Airways group has cancelled over 150 flights and at least 13 for tomorrow.READ: United pilots arrested over alcohol suspicion China Airlines and Mandarin Airlines have also cancelled flights as well as Air China, Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines.Flight Global says that the airport only has one runway operational between 5 and 6 August.It adds that “the disruptions to flight services come as air traffic controllers went on strike, as part of the anti-government protests.”
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Klopp defends Liverpool players after Wolves FA Cup defeat: Did I expect more?by Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp defended his players after they were beaten by Wolves in last night’s FA Cup third round tie.Klopp made nine changes from the team which were beaten at Manchester City on Thursday.The German stated, “All these things that came out are really my responsibility, so it’s about rhythm. Of course, you know they have rhythm. Div (Origi), can he have rhythm? No, not really. Daniel (Sturridge), maybe a bit more. Alberto (Moreno), no, no rhythm. “That of course doesn’t help footballers against a [tough] opponent. We played Wolves here two or three weeks ago and they are really strong. We won, yes, but we knew it was really tough here. Now we played today, they didn’t change a lot – if they changed something – so that’s not easy.”Do I expect? I always expect a lot more from the players. Do I think they could have delivered [more] today? I am not 100 per cent sure. It’s not my job to say now, ‘that was not good enough, that was not good enough’ because I know they can do much better. I changed a lot because I thought we had to, not because I wanted to and to say, ‘come on, let’s have a look at how that works’ because it was clear Wolves would not change a lot. “The problem is, we played a similar line-up and had three tough games in the last couple of weeks, so it was clear we had to change. That’s it, that’s all.”